(B) Then, discuss how you think this very dense summary of the meta-narrative of Adam and Christ relates to what has been said before in the argument of the letter. (How does the description of humanity in 1:18–2:16 relate to what Paul says about the story of Adam? What is the role of the Law [Torah] in each narrative, Adam’s and Christ’s? How does the mention of Law here recall earlier parts of Paul’s argument [e.g., in Rom 2:12–16, 23–29; 3:9–20; 4:1–12, 14–16]? In what ways are the both continuity and [radical] discontinuity?)
“But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the one man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many” (5:15). The real parallel throughout this verse, in my opinion, is “the one” and “the many.” Many are in Adam and may die because of his (one man’s) transgression. Many are in Christ and many experience grace because of His (one man’s) grace. This is perhaps a minor point, but it is simply: judgment came because of one man; salvation comes because of one man…there was one way for all men to fall (in Adam) and there is one way for all to be saved (in Christ). It’s the singularity of Christ and his grace and righteousness that I believe Paul wants us not to miss.